1.      This statement does not disclose all of the risks and other significant aspects of trading in futures, options and leveraged foreign exchange. In light of the risks, you should undertake such transactions only if you understand the nature of the contracts (and contractual relationship) into which you are entering and the extent of your exposure to risk. Trading in futures, options and leveraged foreign exchange may not be suitable for many members of the public. You should carefully consider whether such trading is appropriate for you in the light of your experience, objectives, financial resources and other relevant circumstances. In considering whether to trade, you should be aware of the following:

(a)    Futures and Leveraged Foreign Exchange Trading.

Effects of ‘Leverage’ or ‘Gearing’
Transactions in futures and leveraged foreign exchange carry a high degree of risk. The amount of initial margin is small relative to the value of the futures contract or leveraged foreign exchange transaction so that the transaction is highly ‘leveraged’ or ‘geared’. A relatively small market movement will have a proportionately larger impact on the funds you have deposited or will have to deposit: this may work against you as well as for you. You may sustain a total loss of initial margin funds and any additional funds deposited with the firm to maintain your position. If the market moves against your position or margin levels are increased, you may be called upon to pay substantial additional funds on short notice in order to maintain your position. If you fail to comply with a request for additional funds within the time prescribed, your position may be liquidated at a loss and you may be liable for any resulting deficit in your account.

Risk-Reducing Orders or Strategies
The placing of certain orders (eg 'stop-loss' orders, where permitted under local law, or 'stop-limit' orders) which are intended to limit losses to certain amounts may not be effective because market conditions may make it impossible to execute such orders. At time, it is also difficult or impossible to liquidate a position without incurring substantial losses. Strategies using combinations of positions, such as 'spread' and 'straddle' position may be as risky as taking simple 'long' or 'short' position.

(b)    Additional Risks Common to Futures and Leveraged Foreign Exchange Trading

Terms and Conditions of Contracts
You should ask the corporation with which you conduct your transactions, the terms and conditions of the specific futures contract, option or leveraged foreign exchange transaction which you are trading and the associated obligations (eg the circumstances under which you may become obligated to make or take delivery of the underlying interest of a futures contract or a leveraged foreign exchange transaction and, in respect of options, expiration dates and restrictions on the time of exercise). Under certain circumstances, the specifications of outstanding contracts (including the exercise price of an option) may be modified by the exchange or clearing house to reflect changes in the underlying interest.

Suspension or Restriction of Trading and Pricing Relationship
Market conditions (eg liquidity) and/ or the operation of the rules of certain markets (eg the suspension of trading in any contract or contract month because of price limits or ‘circuit breakers’) may increase the risk of loss by making it difficult or impossible to effect transactions or liquidate/ offset positions. If you have sold options, this may increase the risk of loss.

Further, normal pricing relationship between the underlying interest and the futures contract, and the underlying interest and the option may not exist. This can occur when, for example, the futures contract underlying the option is subject to price limits while the options is not. The absence of an underlying reference price may make it difficult to judge ‘fair’ value.

Deposited Cash and Property
You should familiarise yourself with the protection accorded to any money or other property which you deposit for domestic and foreign transactions, particularly in a firm’s insolvency or bankruptcy. The extent to which you may recover your money or property may be governed by specific legislation or local rules. In some jurisdiction, property which had been specifically identifiable as your own will be pro-rated in the same manner as cash for purposes of distribution in the event of a shortfall.


(c)    Commission and Other Charges

Before you begin to trade, you should obtain a clear explanation of all commissions, fees and other charges for which you will be liable. These charges will affect your net profit (if any) or increase your loss.

(d)    Transaction in Other Jurisdictions

Transactions on markets in other jurisdictions, including markets formally linked to a domestic market, may expose you to additional risk. Such markets may be subject to a rule which may offer different or diminished investor protection. Before you trade, you should enquire about any rules relevant to your particular transactions. Your local regulatory authority will be unable to compel the enforcement of the rules of regulatory authorities or markets in other jurisdictions where your transactions have been effected. You should ask the firm with which you conduct your transactions for details about the types of redness available in both your home jurisdiction and other relevant jurisdictions before you start to trade.

(e)    Currency Risks

The profit or loss in transactions in foreign currency denominated futures and options contracts (whether they are traded in your own or another jurisdiction) will be affected by fluctuations in currency rates where there is a need to convert from the currency denomination of the contract to another currency.

(f)    Trading Facilities

Most open-outcry and electronic trading facilities are supported by computer-based component systems for the order-routing, execution, matching, registration or clearing of trades. As with all facilities and systems, they are vulnerable to temporary disruption or failure. Your ability to recover certain losses may be subject to limits on liability imposed by the system provider, the market, the clearing house and/ or member firms. Such limits may vary: you should ask the firm with which you conduct your transactions for details in this respect.

(g)    Electronic Trading

Trading on an electronic trading system may differ not only from trading in an open-outcry market but also from trading on other electronic trading systems. If you undertake transactions on an electronic trading system, you will be exposed to risks associated with the system including the failure of hardware and software. The result of any system failure may be that your order is either not executed according to your instructions or is not executed at all.


This acknowledges that I/ we have received a copy of the RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT and understand its contents.








“Margin” means an amount of money, securities, property or other collectors representing a part of the value of the contract or agreement to be entered into which is deposited by the buyer or the seller of a futures contract or in a leverage foreign exchange transaction to ensure performance of the terms of the future contract or leverage exchange transaction.